One India Tamil: Tamil belongs to the southern branch of the Dravidian language family, which has about 26 languages native to the Indian subcontinent. It is also classified as part of the Tamil language family. Together with Tamil, it includes the languages of about 35 national language groups such as Irullah and Yalekula.
The closest major relative of Tamil is Malayalam; the two began to diverge around the 9th century AD. Although many differences between Tamil and Malayalam indicate the prehistoric split of Western dialects, the process of separation into another language, Malayalam, was not completed until sometime in the 13th or 14th century.
" தமிழின் நெருங்கிய முக்கிய உறவினர் மலையாளம்; கி.பி 9 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டில் இருவரும் வேறுபடத் தொடங்கினர். தமிழிற்கும் மலையாளத்திற்கும் இடையிலான பல வேறுபாடுகள் மேற்கத்திய கிளைமொழிகளின் வரலாற்றுக்கு முந்தைய பிளவுகளைக் குறிக்கின்றன என்றாலும், 13 அல்லது 14 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டில் சில காலம் வரை மலையாளத்தை வேறொரு மொழியாகப் பிரிக்கும் செயல்முறை நிறைவடையவில்லை."
One India Tamil: According to linguists such as Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Tamil as a Dravidian language is a descendant of the original Dravidian language. Language reconstruction shows that the original Dravidian language was used around the third millennium BC, probably in the area around the Godavari River basin in the lower Indian Peninsula. Material evidence indicates that users of the original Dravidian language belong to a culture associated with the Neolithic complex of southern India. In general, the oldest evidence of inscriptions in Tamil is believed to have been written in the second century BC. C.
Among the Indian languages, Tamil has the oldest non-Sanskrit Indian literature. Scholars divide the proven history of the language into three periods: Ancient Tamil (300 BC to 700 AD), Middle Tamil (700 to 1600), and Modern Tamil (1600 to the present). In November 2007, an excavation at QuseiralQadim found Egyptian pottery dating from the 1st century BC. C. with ancient inscriptions in Tamil and Brahmi. John Gay pointed out that Tamil was the common language of India’s early maritime traders.
One India Tamil: The earliest surviving works of Tamil literature and their commentaries celebrate the long-term existence of Tamil Sangam in the King Bandia organization, researching, developing and revising Tamil. Although these Tamil-language names developed by Sangams are called Tamil, the period in which the name “Tamil” was applied to the language is unclear, as is the exact etymology of the name. The first confirmed use of the name was discovered at Tholkappiyam, and its history dates back to the late 2nd century BC. C.
Samavayanga Sutra in the 3rd century BC. C. cited a Tamil script called “Damili”.
Southworth suggested that the name comes from tammiḻ> tamiḻ “self-speaking”, or “own speech”. Kamil Zvelebil proposed the etymology of tamiḻ, where tam means “I” or “self”, and “iḻ” has the meaning of “unfolded sound”. Or suggested to derive tamiḻ & lt; tamiḻ & lt; * taviḻ & lt; * takiḻ, which originated from the “correct process (of speaking)”. However, due to the contemporary use of the compound word “centamiḻ”, meaning refined speech in early documents, Southworth considers it unlikely.